The Catholic University of America

Faculty Handbook Part II Archived


Archived Nov, 1, 2010

Criteria For Reviews


II-D-1: Introduction

.127 According to its Constitution, approved by the Board of Trustees on November 21, 1970, the Academic Senate, when its acts are approved by the President, sets "the minimum standards for Faculty appointments, promotions, and tenure" (Bylaws,. XI). This section presents criteria for the conferral of Faculty rank and association.

.128 The criteria prescribed by the Academic Senate for appointments and promotions are to be followed as normal and normative by the reviewing bodies. The Faculties and their Committees on Appointments and Promotions have the responsibility and freedom to exercise their judgment in weighing the accomplishments of the candidate and in making recommendations for appointment and appropriate rank to the Academic Senate and to the President.

.129 It is not the purpose of these regulations to deprive the university of proper Faculty personnel at any appropriate rank, and it is recognized that different requirements may be appropriate from time to time to maintain or advance the Faculty of one or more Schools. Accordingly, the Schools and Departments, or the President, may propose particular appointments and promotions that do not necessarily satisfy all of the stated criteria. Any exception or waiver of the criteria must be approved by the Committee on Appointments and Promotions of the Academic Senate and reported to and approved by the Academic Senate.

.130 Questions concerning the interpretation of the Senate's regulations are referred to its Committee on Committees and Rules, which reports its conclusions to the Senate for approval.


II-D-2: General Criteria for Faculty Rank

.131 A candidate for an academic appointment or promotion in rank must possess those personal and intellectual qualities normally expected in a teacher and director of students and must have a commitment to the aims and objectives of the university as set forth in this Faculty Handbook (Part I).

.132 The expectation of competency and satisfactory performance as a teacher and director of students is a requirement for appointment or promotion in any rank and, whenever possible, must be verified before such appointment or promotion. In consideration of proposals for promotion, pertinent data about teaching performance collected from members of the Faculty and students should be given attention. In order to ascertain and register student opinion for this purpose, each Department and School must provide for some documented means by which students evaluate teaching.

.133 Research is fruitful and beneficial only as it becomes publicly available and subject to reasonable evaluation and critique. This is chiefly accomplished through publication in recognized scholarly journals, monographic series, books, or other recognized means of dissemination. Reports and articles consisting of critical analysis and conceptualization contributing to the development of the theoretical base of professional practice are recognized as research in professional disciplines. Irrespective of their format or the means by which they are disseminated, works presented in partial fulfillment of requirements for Faculty rank must exemplify and be appropriately recognized as exemplifying high standards of attainment in scholarship, creativity, or clinical or professional skill.

.134 The following are ordinarily not recognized as research for the purposes of appointment and promotion: mere data collection and collation; project reports not subject to normal refereeing; popularizations; simple book reviews; translations without critical apparatus or interpretation; and, in general, works requiring little or no original insight.

.135 If the doctoral degree is the normal degree for Faculty appointment, publications based on a candidate's doctoral dissertation are not considered unless significant additional research and/or analysis has been involved.

.136 For appointment and promotion at any rank, the conscientious fulfillment of the duties and obligations of a member of the Faculties of the university is a necessary condition.


II-D-3: Specific Requirements for Faculty Rank

.137 Instructor. A candidate possessing the appropriate academic degree or training may be appointed to the rank of Instructor.

.138 Assistant Professor. Appointment or promotion to the rank of Assistant Professor may be made on fulfillment of one of the following criteria insofar as they may be taken as evidence of future academic achievement and advancement:

a. Possession of the appropriate academic degree, ordinarily the terminal degree; or

b. Research productivity; or

c. Five years of full?time teaching experience in an institution of higher education with adequate evidence of distinctive ability as a teacher and director of students; or

d. Such professional experience as, in the particular field, may reasonably be considered the equivalent of the foregoing.[1]

.139 Associate Professor. Appointment or promotion to the rank of Associate Professor requires:

a. Sufficient experience, i.e., (i) four years of service as a regular Faculty member in this university or elsewhere; or (ii) acquisition by the candidate of such professional experience as may reasonably be considered the equivalent of the teaching service;

b. Possession of the appropriate academic degree, ordinarily the terminal degree;

c. Demonstrated competence as a teacher; and

d. Consistent research productivity, giving evidence of a high level of scholarly ability and the expectation of future recognition and advancement in academic achievement. Reasonable rates of publication on the part of a productive university scholar and teacher vary among fields of specialization, and such norms are to be given careful attention by the reviewing bodies. In case of publications with multiple authors the candidate's contribution must be clearly defined.

.140 In exceptional cases, appointment or promotion to the rank of Associate Professor may be based primarily on:

a. Outstanding and widely recognized achievement as a teacher and director of students; or

b. Other extraordinary contribution or service to the academic aims of the university or the scholarly community at large; or

c. Distinctive professional service related to the candidate's field of competence.[2]

Even in these instances, however, some scholarly publication appropriate to the academic field is required if the candidate teaches at the graduate level.

.141 Professor. Appointment or promotion to the rank of Ordinary Professor requires:

a. Four years in the rank of Associate Professor in this university or elsewhere, or such professional experience as may be reasonably considered its equivalent; and

b. Fulfillment of the criteria listed above for the rank of Associate Professor; and

c. Achievement of recognized standing in the academic field or profession, evidenced by continuing research productivity acknowledged as significant by the scholarly community at large (C-11.117-120).

.142 Norms for Externs. When an extern is appointed to Faculty rank, the period of service required before eligibility for promotion may be determined in view of the qualifications presented. Any variation from the requirements for interns should be stipulated at the time of appointment by the cognizant Dean and Committee on Appointments and Promotions, and agreed to by the Provost.

[1] Specific detail explaining what is considered to be equivalent professional experience should be set forth in writing by the individual School and approved by the Academic Senate.

[2]Distinctive professional service directly related to the candidate's field of competence is defined as a consistent pattern of service on regional, state, national, or international levels recognized as outstanding in the field.


II-D-4: Application of Equivalent Criteria

.143 In certain fields within the arts and within the professions, e.g. in the history of art or architecture, musicology, library and information science, or law, research is disseminated in the form of monographs, articles, or books, and is therefore generally subject to the same kind of evaluation as prescribed above (D-2.133-135). To the extent that publication, i.e. making public of creative work or advancement in the practice of a profession, assumes a specifically different modality in the field, equivalent criteria may be appropriate, as specified below (D5,D6). When an appointment or promotion to Faculty rank is proposed on the basis of equivalent criteria, the appropriateness of such criteria to the Faculty position must be clearly stated.


II-D-5: Equivalent Criteria for Architecture and the Arts

.144 For the rank of Assistant Professor, the candidate's work should manifest knowledge and skill showing professional competence in the field according to contemporary standards.

.145 For the rank of Associate Professor, the candidate's works must be recognized as significant by professional peers in the field outside the university. Work manifesting a superior skill and knowledge are exemplified in the paragraphs that follow (.146-149).

.146 Architectural Design: Executed or proposed architectural projects published in professional journals of national or international scope, projects recognized by regional or national awards, or work that has gained peer recognition for excellence in architecture (including contributions to the profession, history, technology, or theory), or allied disciplines.

.147 Fine Arts: Paintings, sculpture or other works properly belonging to disciplines related to the visual arts, such as ceramics, tapestry, etc., included by invitation or juried in national or international exhibitions, acquired for public display at the initiative of a public building, institution or recognized gallery or museum.

.148 Music: Original compositions of substantial dimensions that have been performed professionally, and have received regional or national recognition; or professional engagements, other than those sponsored by this university, and evaluated by qualified externs as being of professional caliber. In all cases the work must give evidence of outstanding ability of a professional character. Recordings are subject to standard publication criteria.

.149 Drama: The writing of a play produced under professional management with professional actors; the performance of a substantial role in such a production; or the direction of, or design for, such a production.

.150 For promotion to the rank of Ordinary Professor, the candidate must demonstrate consistent high level of professional accomplishments. Committees should make an extended evaluation of the candidate's works in consultation with outside experts in order to ascertain the prominence of the candidate's standing in the field.


II-D-6: Equivalent Criteria for Other Professional Fields

.151 For the rank of Assistant Professor, equivalent professional experience is, if appropriate, licensing or certification required for entry into the profession, or five years of full?time experience in the profession.

.152 For the rank of Associate Professor, the candidate must fulfill the requirements of time in previous rank, possession of the appropriate academic degree, and competence as a teacher. In addition, the candidate must demonstrate consistent research productivity or consistent high levels of professional competence, giving evidence of distinctive professional ability and the expectation of future recognition and advancement in the profession. Distinctive professional performance is demonstrated by a pattern of accomplishment in either or both of the following:

a. Standing in one's field as evidenced by the achievement of an advanced level of professional qualification, such as specialty certification; or

b. The development of innovative approaches, adopted by others in the profession, for the solution of professional problems.

.153 For the rank of Ordinary Professor, the candidate must demonstrate consistent research productivity and consistent high level of professional accomplishments, with distinction in one of the two areas. Committees must consult with outside experts in order to ascertain the prominence of the candidate's standing in one of the two areas.


II-D-7: Purpose of Tenure Review

.154 The purpose of the procedures for tenure review (C-8) and the criteria outlined here is to insure that the conferral of continuous tenure is based in every case upon an explicit judgment of qualifications of the candidate and the need of the university. In each case, the university seeks to attract and retain the best-qualified Faculty member, taking into account the qualifications not only of the incumbent but also of others who may be available for the position. The responsibility for assessing and judging the qualifications of any candidate for appointment or reappointment falls primarily upon the Faculties and the Academic Senate and their respective Committees on Appointments and Promotions.

.155 In view of the permanent nature of any appointment that carries continuous tenure, the qualifications of each candidate for such appointment must be conscientiously evaluated in terms not only of individual merit, but also of the present and future needs of the individual Programs, Departments, and Schools of the university. The reviewing bodies must be satisfied that the candidate possesses superior qualifications, as stated in the criteria below. There is no presumption in favor of tenure. If there is reasonable doubt concerning the candidate's qualifications or suitability for the position, tenure should not be conferred.


II-D-8: Criteria for Tenure

.156 Conferral of tenure requires consideration not only of the qualifications of the individual Faculty member, but also of the needs and purposes of the institution. The judgment must be based on an aggregate assessment of the duties that the candidate will be expected to carry, and no single factor should govern, although research and teaching are primary. The following are important factors to be considered in all recommendations:

a. The purpose of the appointment in relation to the mission and needs of the Program, Department, School, and University;

b. The candidate's present and projected competence and scholarly productivity at least at the level required of an Associate Professor (D-3.139-140), including his or her standing among scholars at comparable stages of their careers in the same field of specialization;

c. The candidate's competence as a teacher, including where applicable ability as a director of dissertations or as a director of clinical or field training as well as such matters as the updating and introduction of new material into courses, the offering of new courses, and pedagogical soundness and effectiveness;

d. The indications that the candidate is not merely competent at a minimal level but is one of the most qualified among those available for the position; accordingly, the reviewing bodies must explicitly weigh the candidate's qualifications against the advisability of seeking to recruit another Faculty member who might prove more promising and, in time, better qualified for tenure;

e. The candidate's moral integrity, including respect for the ethical obligations of the teaching profession;

f. The candidate's commitment to the stated aims and goals of the University, School and Department;

g. The candidate's active participation in Departmental, School, and University activities and willingness to carry committee and other Faculty responsibilities;

h. The candidate's ability to work in a collegial fashion with other members of the academic community, including students and other Faculty members;

i. The candidate's participation in the activities of the appropriate learned societies and professional organizations, meetings, and conferences and, where applicable, professional registration, licensing, or certification.

.157 If at the time of consideration for tenure, a Faculty member is also being considered for promotion in rank, the promotion review should be conducted first. The reviewing bodies should consider the application for tenure on its own specific merits according to the criteria outlined above. Promotion in rank does not by itself imply the acquisition of a claim to continuous tenure.


II-D-9: Probationary Term Reappointments

.158 In considering a Faculty member in probationary status for reappointment, the reviewing bodies should be guided by the criteria specified for tenure reviews (D-8) insofar as they can be fairly applied in light of the period of service then completed by the candidate.


II-D-10: Contract Appointments Without Tenure

.159 For a contract appointment as Instructor or Assistant Professor in a clinical or skills position the candidate must meet the requirements for the rank as specified in (D-3.137-138).

.160 After a minimum of four years service as Assistant Professor or its equivalent in professional practice, a Faculty member may be promoted or appointed to the rank of Associate Professor according to criteria specified for the rank (D-3.139-140).

.161 The criteria for renewal of a contract appointment are:

a. Satisfactory performance of the instructional and other duties specified in the job description;

b. Recognition that the reappointment meets the needs of the Department, School and University;

c. Where applicable, maintenance of appropriate professional license or other professional credentials.


II-D-11: Faculty Associates

.162 The criteria for appointment and promotion of Research, Adjunct, and Visiting Faculty to the several professorial ranks are the same as for regular Faculty members.